دوره 36، شماره 504: هفته چهارم دی ماه 1397:1401-1407

تأثیر مکمل کیوتن در ناباروری مردان: یک مرور سیستماتیک بر روی مطالعات کارآزمایی بالینی

مهران نوری , کیهان لطفی , غلامرضا عسکری

DOI: 10.22122/jims.v36i504.10454

چکیده


مقدمه: ناباروری به عنوان عدم بارداری به دنبال داشتن رابطه‌ی جنسی در مدت حداقل یک سال در صورت عدم استفاده از هر گونه روش پيش‌گيري از بارداري تعريف مي‌شود و ۱۵ درصد از افراد دنیا را درگیر کرده است که ۷۰-۲۰ درصد از موارد آن مربوط به مردان می‌باشد. مطالعات نشان می‌دهند که ناباروری با کاهش سطح کیوتن در سرم و مایع سمینال همراه است و دریافت مکمل آن، می‌تواند باعث کاهش علایم ناباروری و بهبود آن شود.

روش‌ها: هدف از انجام مطالعه‌ی حاضر، مروری بر پژوهش‌های انجام گرفته برای بررسی رابطه‌ی کیوتن و ناباروری می‌باشد. مطالعات انجام شده‌ی مرتبط با اثر دریافت مکمل کیوتن بر ناباروری مردان از پایگاه‌های PubMed، Scopus، ISI و Google Scholar بین سال‌های 2017-2000 با کلید واژه‌های Coenzyme Q10، Ubiquinol-10، Infertility، Male Infertility، Male fertility problems، Semen parameters، Sexual dysfunction مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند.

یافته‌ها: در بیشتر مطالعات کارآزمایی بالینی، مکمل کیوتن اثر مثبتی بر خصوصیات اسپرم از جمله غلظت، ریخت‌شناسی و حرکت داشت و همچنین، کاهش تخریب DNA را به همراه داشت. همچنین، سطح آنزیم‌های آنتی‌اکسیدانی کاتالاز و سوپراکسید دیسموتاز و همین‌طور، ظرفیت تام آنتی‌اکسیدانی نسبت به قبل از مداخله افزایش معنی‌داری داشت. با این وجود، برخی مطالعات اثر معنی‌داری از مکمل کیوتن بر خصوصیات اسپرم یافت نکردند.

نتیجه‌گیری: در بیشتر مطالعات، تأثیر مثبت مکمل کیوتن بر روی پارامترهای اسپرمی، آسیب DNA، ظرفیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی و آنزیم‌‌های آنتی‌اکسیدانی اثبات شده است، اما به دلیل کم بودن مطالعات، انجام مطالعات کارآزمایی بیشتری در این زمینه لازم است.


واژگان کلیدی


کوآنزیم کیوتن؛ یوبی کوئینول ۱۰؛ باروری؛ ناباروری؛ مردان؛ اسپرم؛ اختلالات جنسی فیزیولوژیک

تمام متن:

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