دوره 37، شماره 517: هفته اول اردیبهشت ماه 1398:161-168

آیا بین عزت نفس و سلامت روان در نوجوانان ارتباط وجود دارد؟

مریم . نادری لردجانی , پرستو گلشیری , رضا نوبخت

DOI: 10.22122/jims.v37i517.11041

چکیده


مقدمه: عزت نفس یک عامل روانی مهم در تعیین کیفیت زندگی می‌باشد. مطالعات کمی در مورد ارتباط عزت نفس و سلامت روان به ویژه در کودکان و نوجوانان در ایران صورت گرفته بود. از این رو، مطالعه‌ی حاضر با هدف بررسی ارتباط عزت نفس و سلامت روان در نوجوانان انجام شد.

روش‌ها: در یک مطالعه‌ی مقطعی با نمونه‌گیری چند مرحله‌ای، 172 نوجوان رده‌ی سنی 15-13 سال وارد مطالعه شدند. با استفاده از پرسش‌نامه‌ی عزت نفس Coopersmith و پرسش‌نامه‌ی سلامت روان General health questionnaire (GHQ)، اطلاعات مربوط به هر دانش‌آموز جمع‌آوری شد. واکاوی آماری داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS صورت گرفت.

یافته‌ها: میانگین نمره‌ی کل عزت نفس نوجوانان 9/14 ± 5/68 از 100 و میانگین نمره‌ی کل اختلال در سلامت روان نوجوانان 9/11 ± 9/17 از 84 بود. بین نمره‌ی کل عزت نفس و نمره‌ی کل اختلال در سلامت روان نوجوانان، رابطه‌ی معنی‌دار معکوسی وجود داشت (627/0- = r، 001/0 > P).

نتیجه‌گیری: به طور کلی، می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که بین عزت نفس با سلامت روان در نوجوانان ارتباط وجود دارد و هر اندازه فرد از عزت نفس بالاتری برخوردار باشد، سلامت روان بیشتری خواهد داشت.


واژگان کلیدی


عزت نفس؛ سلامت روان؛ نوجوان

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