دوره 29، شماره 148: هفته چهارم شهریور ماه 1390:988-996

تأثیر 8 هفته ورزش در آب بر نیمرخ چربی بیماران مبتلا به دیابت نوع II

ناصر رحیمی, سید محمد مرندی, مهدی کارگرفرد

چکیده


مقدمه: با وجودی که از دیر باز نقش فعالیت بدنی در کنترل و بهبود دیابت نوع II و افزایش حساسیت انسولین مورد توجه بوده است، ولی انجام فعالیت‌های ورزشی در محیط‌های آبی با توجه به وضعیت روحی و جسمانی این بیماران کمتر مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. هدف از انجام تحقیق حاضر، بررسی تأثیر 8 هفته ورزش در آب بر نیمرخ چربی در بیماران مبتلا به دیابت نوع II بود.

روش‌ها: در این تحقیق نیمه تجربی، از بین مردان 50 تا60 سال مبتلا به دیابت نوع II شهرستان خمینی شهر، تعداد30 نفر به صورت داوطلبانه و در دسترس انتخاب و در دو گروه تجربی (15بیمار) و شاهد (15بیمار) قرار گرفتند. گروه تجربی به مدت 8 هفته (3جلسه در هفته، هر جلسه 45 تا60 دقیقه با شدت 80-60 درصد حداکثر ضربان قلب) تمرینات ورزشی ویژه در آب انجام دادند. در حالی که گروه شاهد هیچ فعالیت بدنی منظمی ‌نداشتند. در این تحقیق متغیرهای کلسترول تام (Total cholesterol یا TC)، تری‌گلیسرید (Triglyceride یا TG)، HDL (High density lipoprotein)، LDL (Low density lipoprotein) و VLDL (Very low density lipoprotein) قبل و بعد از دوره‌ی تمرینی در دو گروه اندازه‌گیری شد. در نهایت داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون (ANCOVA) مورد تجزیه و تحلیل آماری قرار گرفت.

یافته‌ها: نتایج تحقیق بیانگر تفاوت معنی‌داری بین میانگین LDL، HDL، TG، TC و VLDL گروه‌های تجربی و شاهد بود (05/0 > P).

نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که ورزش در آب باعث بهبود معنی‌داری در نیمرخ چربی بیماران مبتلا به دیابت II می‌گردد.


واژگان کلیدی


ديابت نوع II؛ نیمرخ چربی؛ ورزش در آب؛ حساسیت انسولین

تمام متن:

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