دوره 32، شماره 303: هفته چهارم آبان ماه 1393:1623-1631

تأثیر تمرین قدرتی و استقامتی بر کیفیت زندگی مرتبط با سلامتی سالمندان

کرار خواجه نعمت, حیدر صادقی, منصور صاحب‌الزمانی

چکیده


مقدمه: امروزه نقش تمرینات قدرتی و استقامتی در بهبود کیفیت زندگی افراد به خصوص سالمندان، مطرح می‌باشد. هدف از انجام تحقیق حاضر، بررسی تأثیر تمرین قدرتی و استقامتی بر کیفیت زندگی مرتبط با سلامتی سالمندان بود.

روش‌ها: 45 مرد سالمند سالم به طور تصادفی به سه گروه تمرین قدرتی (15 نفر)، تمرین استقامتی (15 نفر) و گروه شاهد (15 نفر) تقسیم شدند. دو گروه تمرین قدرتی و استقامتی به مدت 8 هفته، هفته‌ای دو جلسه و هر جلسه به مدت یک ساعت به ترتیب تمرینات مقاومتی و تمرینات استقامتی انجام دادند. گروه شاهد در این مدت مداخله‌ای دریافت نکردند. کیفیت زندگی مرتبط با سلامتی قبل و بعد از دوره‌ی تمرینی با استفاده از پرسش‌نامه‌ی کیفیت زندگی 36-SF (36-Short form) مورد اندازه‌گیری قرار گرفت.

یافته‌ها: کیفیت زندگی مرتبط با سلامتی در هشت بعد عملکرد جسمانی، محدودیت جسمانی، درد بدنی، سلامت عمومی، محدودیت‌های روحی، عملکرد اجتماعی، نشاط و سلامت روان پس از 8 هفته تمرین قدرتی و استقامتی در دو گروه تغییر معنی‌داری از خود نشان نداد و فقط گروه شاهد در بعد درد بدنی پس از 8 هفته، افت معنی‌داری از خود نشان داد (042/0 = P).

نتیجه‌گیری: 8 هفته تمرین قدرتی و استقامتی اثری بر کیفیت زندگی مرتبط با سلامتی سالمندان سالم ندارد. نتایج این تحقیق نشان می‌دهد که کیفیت زندگی مرتبط با سلامتی در سالمندان ممکن است متأثر از تأثیرات سطح بالا و پاسخ‌های انتقالی قرار گیرد.

 


واژگان کلیدی


تمرین قدرتی؛ تمرین استقامتی؛ کیفیت زندگی مرتبط با سلامتی؛ سالمندان

تمام متن:

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