دوره 32، شماره 293: هفته دوم شهریورماه 1393:1061-1072

بهینه نمودن رنگ‌آمیزی اکریدین اورنج جهت ارزیابی تأثیر حفاظتی زعفران و ویتامین E بر ساختار DNA هسته‌ی اسپرم رت

شهناز رضوی, سید احمد واعظ, محمد مردانی

چکیده


مقدمه: در دهه‌های اخیر، ارتباط بین غلظت ROS (Reactive oxygen species) و کیفیت مایع Semen مورد توجه قرار گرفته و تأثیر آن بر ناباروری در مطالعات متعددی بررسی شده است. زعفران نه تنها به عنوان یک افزودنی غذایی، بلکه به طور سنتی به عنوان یک گیاه دارویی که دارای خاصیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی است، همواره مورد توجه بوده است. ویتامین E نیز آنتی‌اکسیدان بسیار قوی است و قادر است سلول و اجزای آن را در مقابل هجوم آنتی‌اکسیدان‌ها محافطت نماید. هدف از این مطالعه، بررسی اثر آنتی‌اکسیدانی زعفران و ویتامین E در حفاظت از دناتوراسیون ساختار کروماتین اسپرم در مواجهه با اسید بود.

روش‌ها: تعداد 30 رت نر بالغ ویستار به صورت اتفاقی و مساوی به سه گروه شاهد (cc/day 5/0آب مقطر روزانه)، زعفران (mg/kg/day 100) و ویتامین E (mg/kg/day 100) تقسیم شدند. پس از 60 روز دوره‌ی تیمار، اپیدیدیم جدا شد و از اسپرم‌های ناحیه‌ی دم آن، جهت بررسی مقاومت ساختار DNA در مقابل اسید دترجنت با استفاده از رنگ‌آمیزی آکریدین اورنج (OA یا Acridine orange) استفاده شد.

یافته‌ها: زعفران و ویتامین E باعث کاهش حساسیت DNA به آسیب توسط اسید دترجنت می‌شوند (001/0 > P).

نتیجه‌گیری: احتمال می‌رود زعفران و ویتامین E به دلیل پتانسیل آنتی‌اکسیدانی بالای خود، قادر باشند ساختار کروماتین را از اثرات تخریبی اسید دترجنت محافظت نمایند.

 


واژگان کلیدی


آنتی‌اکسیدان؛ زعفران؛ ویتامین E؛ آسیب DNA

تمام متن:

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مراجع


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