دوره 32، شماره 297: هفته دوم مهرماه 1393:1278-1290

رابطه‌ی بین ویژگی‌های اجتماعی- دموگرافیک با عوامل مؤثر در ترک سیگار در جامعه‌ی مصرف کنندگان سیگار اصفهان

رخساره معمار, محمد مراثی, احمد باهنر, فرشاد اعتدالی, غزاله نوذری, مرضیه دهقانی سامانی, رضا روزبهانی

چکیده


مقدمه: مطالعات متعددی جهت بررسی ارتباط بین عوامل مرتبط با عوامل اجتماعی- دموگرافیک ترک سیگار انجام شده است. هدف از این مطالعه، بررسی ارتباط بین عوامل اجتماعی- دموگرافیک از جمله وجود ترک ناموفق، طول مدت ترک و میزان وابستگی به نیکوتین در ترک سیگار بود.

روش‌ها: این مطالعه‌ی مقطعی در سال‌های 90-1388 بر روی نمونه‌ی 673 نفری از افراد مراجعه کننده جهت ترک سیگار انجام شد. بیماران پرسش‌نامه‌‌ای شامل اطلاعات اجتماعی- دموگرافیک مثل سن، وضعیت تأهل، تحصیلات، درآمد، شغل و نیز پرسش‌نامه‌ی Fagerstrom جهت بررسی وضعیت وابستگی به نیکوتین را تکمیل کردند.

یافته‌ها: طول مدت ترک بیش از 6 ماه با میزان بالاتر مصرف سیگار در روز مرتبط بود. همچنین مصرف بیش از 30 سیگار در روز با طول مدت ترک روند مرتبطی داشت. در مطالعه‌ی حاضر وضعیت تأهل، تعداد کمتر سیگار در روز، سال‌های بیشتر مصرف سیگار و نشان خارجی سیگار، عوامل مرتبط با ترک ناموفق سیگار بودند. همچنین سطح تحصیلات کمتر، تعداد سیگار مصرفی روزانه‌ی بالاتر، سال‌های مصرف بیشتر، غلظت نیکوتین بالاتر، سابقه‌ی تلاش در جهت ترک و نبود تفریح و خوشی در زندگی روزمره، عوامل دخیل در وضعیت شدید وابستگی در آزمون Fagerstrom بودند.

نتیجه‌گیری: مصرف میزان بالاتر سیگار، سن بالاتر، سال‌های کمتر مصرف سیگار، تحصیلات و وابستگی متوسط بر اساس آزمون فانگستروم با ترک موفق‌تر سیگار مرتبط هستند..

مشخصات اجتماعی ،دموگرافی،

واژگان کلیدی


مشخصات اجتماعي؛ دموگرافي؛ ترک؛ سیگار؛ وابستگی

تمام متن:

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