دوره 32، شماره 305: هفته دوم آذر ماه 1393:1706-1717

بررسی اپیدمیولوژیک اقدام به خودکشی و عوامل زمینه‌ساز خودکشی در شهرستان کهگیلویه

الهه پیرای, زهرا شه‌کلاهی, حمید صالحی‌نیا

چکیده


مقدمه: خودکشی یک مشکل اساسی و پیشگیری از آن یک اولویت جهانی است. هدف این پژوهش، تعیین میزان بروز اقدام به خودکشی و عوامل مؤثر برآن در شهرستان کهگیلویه در نیمه‌ی دوم سال 1390 بود.

روش‌ها: در این مطالعه‌ی مقطعی، شهرستان کهگیلویه با جمعیت حدود 200 هزار نفر به عنوان محیط پژوهش انتخاب گردید. جامعه‌ی آماری پژوهش 185 نفر از اقدام کنندگان به خودکشی بودند که از اول مهرماه 1390 تا آخر اسفند 1390 اقدام به خودکشی نمودند. اطلاعات با استفاده از پرسش‌نامه‌ی استفاده شده در بررسی SUPRE-MISS (SUPRE-MISS questionnaires) سازمان جهانی بهداشت جمع‌آوری شد.

یافته‌ها: میزان بروز اقدام به خودکشی در شهرستان کهگیلویه، 5/92 در یکصد هزار نفر جمعیت در شش ماهه‌ی دوم، با توزیع جنسی 2/42 درصد در مردان و 8/57 در زنان بود. بیشترین میزان اقدام به خودکشی با 5/50 درصد در گروه سنی 20-11 سال مشاهده شد. 7/69 درصد از اقدام کنندگان به خودکشی مجرد بودند و محل سکونت 2/69 درصد در شهر بود. شایع‌ترین روش اقدام به خودکشی، استفاده از قرص 7/69 درصد بود.

نتیجه‌گیری: اقدام به خودکشی درشهرستان کهگیلویه شایع است و با توجه به این که 1/88 درصد از اقدام کنندگان به خودکشی در سنین کمتر از 30 سال بودند که توجه جدی به نیازهای این گروه را طلب می‌کند.

 


واژگان کلیدی


اقدام به خودکشی؛ عوامل خطر؛ شهرستان کهگیلویه؛ خودکشی

تمام متن:

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