دوره 34، شماره 409: هفته اول بهمن ماه 1395:1423-1429

ارتباط هوش هیجانی و مؤلفه‌های روان‌شناختی در نوجوانان

پرستو گلشیری, احمدرضا زمانی, محمد شیرانی بیدآبادی

چکیده


مقدمه: در پژوهش‌های مختلف، ارتباط بین هوش هیجانی و مؤلفه‌های روان‌شناختی در زندگی و ارتباطات بین فردی در دوران بزرگ‌سالی بررسی شده است. هدف از انجام مطالعه‌ی حاضر، تعیین ارتباط هوش هیجانی و مؤلفه‌های روان‌شناختی در نوجوانان بود.

روش‌ها: این مطالعه بر روی 185 دانش‌آموز شامل 101 پسر و 84 دختر انجام شد. به منظور بررسی هوش هیجانی، از پرسش‌نامه‌ی هوش هیجانی نوجوانان و برای بررسی مؤلفه‌های روان‌شناختی، از پرسش‌نامه‌ی Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) استفاده شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS و آزمون آماری ضریب همبستگی Pearson مورد آنالیز قرار گرفت.

یافته‌ها: تفاوت معنی‌داری بین زیر مقیاس‌های هوش هیجانی در دو جنس مختلف و همچنین، در سنین مختلف مشاهده نشد. هوش هیجانی، با زیر مقیاس‌های مؤلفه‌های روان‌شناختی شامل پرخاشگری (013/0 = P)، وسواس (037/0 = P)، شکایت جسمانی (040/0 = P)، افسردگی (010/0 = P) و ترس مرضی (030/0 = P) در سنین مورد مطالعه و هر دو جنس ارتباط معکوسی داشت. این ارتباط، در صورت حذف متغیرهای سن و جنس نیز وجود داشت.

نتیجه‌گیری: هوش هیجانی، با زیر مقیاس‌های روان‌شناختی شامل پرخاشگری، وسواس، شکایات جسمانی، افسردگی و ترس مرضی ارتباط معکوسی دارد. این امر، بر ضرورت آموزش هوش هیجانی در مدارس تأکید می‌کند.


واژگان کلیدی


هوش هیجانی؛ مؤلفه‌های روان‌شناختی؛ نوجوان؛ تنظیم هیجان؛ ابراز هیجان؛ سلامت روان

تمام متن:

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