دوره 35، شماره 425: هفته اول خرداد ماه 1396:393-399

چگالی انرژی رژیم غذایی مادر شیرده و روند رشد نوزاد

مائده مرادی, محمد رضا مرآثی, احمد اسماعیل‌زاده, لیلا آزادبخت

چکیده


مقدمه: متخصصین اپیدمیولوژی تغذیه در سال‌های اخیر در مقایسه با انتخاب گروه‌های غذایی بر کیفیت و چگونگی کل رژیم تأکید دارند. چگالی انرژی به خوبی گویای چگونگی کیفیت کل رژیم است. در حالی که چگالی انرژی مفهومی بسیار جامع‌تر نسبت به انرژی دریافتی به تنهایی دارد، اما هیچ یک از مطالعات انجام شده، چگالی انرژی را در نظر نگرفته‌اند. هدف از انجام این مطالعه، بررسی ارتباط چگالی انرژی کل رژیم دریافتی مادر شیرده با رشد نوزاد بود.

روش‌ها: پرسش‌نامه‌ی اطلاعات عمومی و پرسش‌نامه‌ی تکرر غذایی 168 آیتمی با روایی و پایایی تأیید شده، برای 300 مادر شیرده پاسخ داده شد. همچنین، به منظور ارزیابی میزان فعالیت فیزیکی مادران شیرده، از پرسش‌نامه‌ی بین‌المللی فعالیت بدنی (International physical activity questionnaire یا I-PAQ) استفاده شد. وزن، قد و دور سر شیرخوار در بدو تولد، 2 و 4 ماهگی ثبت شد. تنها مادرانی وارد مطالعه شدند که نوزادشان به طور انحصاری از شیر مادر تغذیه می‌کرد.

یافته‌ها: وزن، قد، دور سر و نسبت وزن به قد در هنگام تولد، 2 و 4 ماهگی در هیچ یک از سطوح چارک‌های چگالی انرژی تفاوت معنی‌داری را نشان نداد.

نتیجه‌گیری: هیچ ارتباطی بین چارک‌های چگالی انرژی رژیم غذایی مادر و رشد وزن، قد، وزن به قد و دور سر نوزاد در 2 ماهگی و 4 ماهگی در شیرخواران تغذیه شونده با شیر مادر وجود ندارد.


واژگان کلیدی


مادران؛ شیردهی مادر؛ نوزادان؛ رشد نوزاد

تمام متن:

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