دوره 36، شماره 470: هفته دوم اردیبهشت ماه 1397:209-215

مروری بر شاخص‌های سلامت روان در مطالعات داخلی

فرزانه قاسمی, امراله ابراهیمی, راحله سموعی

DOI: 10.22122/jims.v36i470.9167

چکیده


قدمه: مطالعه‌ی شاخص‌های سلامت روان برای ارزیابی وضعیت سلامت روانی در سطوح مختلف در نظام سلامت اهمیت زیادی دارد. در این راستا، مطالعه‌ی حاضر با هدف تعیین شاخص‌های سلامت روان طبق نتایج مطالعات داخلی انجام شد.

روش‌ها: این مطالعه، از نوع مروری نقلی بود که با جستجو از سال‌های 95-1379 در پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی IranMedex،Google scholar، IRANDOC، SID و Magiran با استفاده از کلید واژه‌های سلامت روانی، بهداشت روانی، شاخص، معیار و ملاک صورت گرفت.

یافته‌ها: با بررسی 336 مقاله، شاخص‌های سلامت روان در 4 حوزه‌ی کلی از جمله روان‌شناختی با 34 طبقه، جسمانی با 12 طبقه، اجتماعی- فرهنگی با 19 طبقه، مدیریتی و معنوی با 9 طبقه، طبقه‌بندی شدند. طبق یافته‌های حاصل از ۳۳۶ مقاله، بیشترین درصد مقاله‌ها مهارت‌های زندگی (۱0/۷ درصد) و سپس، حمایت (اجتماعی، عاطفی، خدماتی و معنوی) (۰۵/۵ درصد) را به عنوان شاخص سلامت روانی معرفی کردند.

نتیجه‌گیری: با آگاهی از شاخص‌های سلامت روان، می‌توان بسته‌های آموزشی مناسب برای برنامه‌های پیش‌گیرانه حتی مداخلات درمانی روان‌شناختی تدوین و اجرا نمود. دستگاه‌های مرتبط با حوزه‌ی سلامت، می‌توانند از چنین محتوایی برای برنامه‌ریزی‌های روانی- اجتماعی استفاده کنند.


واژگان کلیدی


سلامت روانی؛ بهداشت روانی؛ شاخص؛ عوامل روان‌شناختی؛ عوامل اجتماعی؛ شاخص‌های فرهنگی؛ معنویت؛ وضعیت جسمانی

تمام متن:

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