Evaluation of Postoperative Complications of Ostomy in Patients Referred to Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan, Iran, from October 2015 to October 2016

Document Type : Original Article (s)


1 Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Student of Medicine, Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Background: Ostomy is a common surgical procedure that increases life expectancy in needy patients; however, it also has complications that recognizing them and effective factors will reduce the incidence of these complications. This study aimed to investigate postoperative complications of ostomy.Methods: This study was performed on 197 patients undergoing ostomy surgery in Alzahra hospital, Isfahan, Iran, from October 2015 to October 2016. Demographic data and the cause of ostomy, relative frequency of complications and mortality were recorded. T, chi-square, and Mann-Whitney tests were used to compare the studied variables.Findings: The overall incidence of complications in patients with ostomy was 100 (50.8%). Of the total of 197 patients, 32 patients (16.2%) had prolapse, 17 (8.6%) had hernia, 24 (12.2%) had irritation, 85 (43.1%) had secretion, and 81 (41.1%) complained of bad smell at the site. The incidence of complications in patients with inflammatory diseases, rectal cancer, and permanent ostomy was higher than other patients (P < 0.05 for all).Conclusion: Considering the high prevalence of complications in patients undergoing ostomy, recognizing the factors affecting more complications in patients with inflammatory diseases, rectal cancer, and permanent ostomy, preventive measures in these patients should be performed more seriously.


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