نوع مقاله : مقاله های پژوهشی
1 دانشیار، مرکز تحقیقات پایش سلامت و گروه پزشکی اجتماعی، دانشکدهی پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید صدوقی، یزد، ایران
2 دانشجوی پزشکی، دانشکدهی پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پرشکی شهید صدوقی، یزد، ایران
3 پزشک عمومی، گروه پزشکی اجتماعی، دانشکدهی پزشکی و مرکز تحقیقات پایش سلامت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید صدوقی، یزد، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background: Poisoning is one of the most common causes of visiting the clinics by patients in each year. Regarding the differences between epidemiologic patterns of poisoning in various points of the world, this study aimed to assess the characters of poisoned patients who visited hospitals in Yazd city, Iran, during 1 year.Methods: In this descriptive and cross-sectional study, all the patients who visited hospitals of Yazd city for the reason of poisoning from March 21, 2015 till July 22, 2015 were entered using census method. Age, gender, education level, type of poisoner, location of living, and type of poisoning were extracted from the patients’ files by using a researcher-made data collection form. Data were analyzed using chi-square test at the significant level of P < 0.05.Findings: Among 460 poisoned patients, 269 persons (58.0%) were men and 191 persons (41.5%) were women. The most frequent educational level of the poisoned patients was diploma (in 181 persons 39.3%). The most common cause of poisoning was involuntary (327 patients, 71.1%). Poisoning was more in spring and summer. The most used poisoner was medicine (178 patients, 38%). The most common age group of poisoned patients was 25 to 39 years (162 patients, 35.2%) and most of them were living in urban areas (451 persons, 98.0%).Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the highest rate of poisoning was among urban youth and with unintentional causes. The most main poisoners were medicines. Educating the families for using medicines accurately and elimination of additional medicines or keeping them in safe places at home is suggested.