نوع مقاله : Original Article(s)
1 دانشجوی دکترا، گروه آموزش بهداشت، دانشکدهی پزشکی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران
2 دانشیار، گروه آموزش بهداشت، دانشکدهی پزشکی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران
3 مدیر تحقیق و توسعه، شرکت سهامی ذوب آهن اصفهان، اصفهان
عنوان مقاله [English]
The word wide concern for safety has created a need for new and effective methods to improve safety in the workplace. The aim of this study was to promote safe behavior in Isfahan Steel Company workers by theory-based intervention.
Methods: This randomized control trial consisted of two case and control groups. The case group received intervention based on Health Action Model. Control group did not receive any intervention except participating in the current safety courses of company. The sample size was 270 worker who were randomly selected and divided into two equal groups (n = 135). Data was collected using a questionnaire and a checklist after and before the intervention and were analyzed based on distribution of variables, parametric (t-test, paired t-test) or nonparametric (chi-square, Wilcoxon) tests.
Findings: The mean scores of knowledge, attitude and behaviors of safe behaviors in case group increased statistically significant and the observed difference in control group was not significant. The results also indicated that unsafe behaviors in the case group decreased, following the educational intervention. The difference, again, was not statistically significant in the control group.
Conclusion: The results showed that application of Health Action Model has an acceptable and positive influence on promoting safe behaviors of workers in Isfahan steel Company. It is, therefore, recommended that same theory based intervention can be useful for other and similar industries.
Key words:Intervention study, Health Action Model, Safe behavior, Steel Making, Roll Mill.