نوع مقاله : مقاله های پژوهشی
1 کارشناس ارشد، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدهی تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصقهان، اصفهان، ایران
2 دانشیار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدهی تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background: Although the role of physical activities in control and recovery of diabetes type II and increasing insulin sensitivity was always considered, doing sport activities in water is well-documented. So, the goal of present research was to test the effect of eight-week aquatic training on selected physiological factors and blood sugar of patients who suffer from type II diabetes.Methods: In this semi-experimental research, 30 men with type II diabetes in Khomeinishahr township, Iran, were put in two groups of intervention (15 patients) and control (15 patients). The intervention was an eight-week aquatic training (3 sessions in week, each session 45-60 minutes and with intensity of 60-80 percent of maximum heart rate). Whereas the control group had no regular or systematic physical activity. Weight, body mass index (BMI), maximum consuming oxygen, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, fasting blood sugar and also glycated hemoglobin were measured before and after the intervention in both groups. These data was analyzed by ANCOVA test.Findings: A significant difference was observed in maximum oxygen consumption, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, fasting blood sugar and glycated hemoglobin between intervention and control groups, whereas this difference in weight and BMI in the two groups was not significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The findings of this research indicate that an aquatic training program causes a significant improvement in blood sugar of patients with type II diabetes.