نوع مقاله : مقاله های پژوهشی
1 استادیار، گروه داخلی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران
2 دانشجوی پزشکی، کمیتهی تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشکدهی پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is one of the common diseases of the internal emergency; so, recognizing the risk factors of PE to prevent the disease and its complications can be helpful. In this study, we decided to evaluate the relative frequency of this disease and its common risk factors in patients referred to the emergency department of Alzahra hospital, Isfahan, Iran, during the year 2017.Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive-analytic study, the statistical population consisted of all patients referring to the internal emergency department of Alzahra hospital in 2017. The data were analyzed using chi-square and independent t statistical tests via SPSS software.Findings: In 2017, 103 of 53,660 people referred to emergency department (0.2%) were diagnosed with definite PE. The most common risk factor in patients was a history of inactivity during the last 30 days.Conclusion: In this study, among the risk factors of PE, the highest relative incidence was of inactivation during the last month before admission. It can be concluded that in cases with long-term inactivity, it is necessary to take some special cares to prevent lethal diseases.